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基于約束的復雜產品開發過程與活動路線分析

注意:本論文已在《機械科學與技術》 2005,.24(12):1391-1395發表
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曹守啟1  陳云2  韓彥嶺1  方明倫1
  1.上海大學,上海,200072
2.上海財經大學,上海,200433

摘 要:為實現在不同階段、按不同層次和區域分析和控制產品開發微觀過程的目的,提出一種基于"自組織-被組織"方法論規劃和設計產品開發過程的方法.在面向過程的任務分層分解和基于約束的產品開發活動組織過程表達中,把與過程相關的約束和影響因素,通過節點間邏輯狀態及其取值概率來反映和體現;應用圖論中可達矩陣性質與原理定量分析產品開發活動序列及其組織路線,實現產品開發宏觀過程管理和微觀過程控制的有機結合,使產品開發活動的組織方式、狀態演化和工作流程始終處于透明和可控的環境下觀察和分析,幫助項目管理人員明確影響產品開發過程的主要路線和關鍵環節,克服傳統方法綜合多個要素、跨越整個過程建模和分析的困難.
關鍵詞:自組織;任務分解;活動序列;約束;關鍵路徑
分類號:TH16;TP399  文獻標識碼:A
文章編號:1003-8728(2005)12-1391-05

Analysis of Complicated Product Development Process and its Activity Line Based on Restraint

Cao Shouqi1   Chen Yun2  Han Yanling1   Fang Minglun1 
1、Shanghai University,Shanghai,200072
2、Shanghai University of Finance&Economics,Shanghai.200433


Abstract:Analysis of Complicated Product Development Process and its Activity Line Based on RestraintCao Shouqi,Chen Yun, Han Yanling, Fang Minglun (1. CIMS and Robot Center, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072; 2. Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433)Abstract:In order to realize the purposes of analyzing and controlling micro-processes of product development according to different levels and regions in different phases, a planning and design method of the product development processes is put forward on the basis of self-organizing and organized methodology. In the process of stratifcation and decomposition of task and product development based on restraint, the influence and restraint factors in connection with the processes are reflected and embodied by logic state and evaluation probability. By applying quality and principle of reachability matrix in graphics theory, activity sequence and its route of product development are analyzed quantitatively; macroscopic process management and microcosmic process control of product development are realized, and the organization mode, state evolution and work flow of product development activities are observed and analyzed under a transparent and controllable environment all the time. All these help project managers to know about the primary route and key point juncture of product development processes and overcome the difficulty of traditional methods in the way .of modeling and analysis by synthesizing multiple elements and crossing entire processes.
Key words:self-organizing; task decomposition ; activity sequence; restraint ; critical path

基金項目:上海市浦東新區科技發展基金項目(PKX2003-24)資助
作者簡介:曹守啟(1973-),男(漢),山東,博士 E-mail:[email protected]
作者單位:曹守啟(上海大學,CIMS和機器人中心,上海,200072) 
      陳云(上海財經大學,國際工商管理學院,上海,200433) 
      韓彥嶺(上海大學,CIMS和機器人中心,上海,200072) 
      方明倫(上海大學,CIMS和機器人中心,上海,200072) 

參考文獻:

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收稿日期:2004年11月12日 出版日期:2005年12月31日


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